In the world of data visualization, heatmaps are an invaluable tool for understanding complex datasets. They use color gradients to represent the values of individual data points, allowing users to quickly identify patterns, trends, and outliers in their data. In this post, we will delve into the history of heatmaps, and then discuss how its implemented.

The "Boxes_Plot" library is a powerful and versatile tool for visualizing multiple indicators on a trading chart using colored boxes, commonly known as heatmaps. These heatmaps provide a user-friendly and efficient method for analyzing the performance and trends of various indicators simultaneously. The library can be customized to display multiple charts, adjust the number of rows, and set the appropriate offset for proper spacing. This allows traders to gain insights into the market and make informed decisions.

Heatmaps with cells are interesting and useful for several reasons. Firstly, they allow for the visualization of large datasets in a compact and organized manner. This is especially beneficial when working with multiple indicators, as it enables traders to easily compare and contrast their performance. Secondly, heatmaps provide a clear and intuitive representation of the data, making it easier for traders to identify trends and patterns. Finally, heatmaps offer a visually appealing way to present complex information, which can help to engage and maintain the interest of traders.

History of Heatmaps

The concept of heatmaps can be traced back to the 19th century when French cartographer and sociologist Charles Joseph Minard used color gradients to visualize statistical data. He is well-known for his 1869 map, which depicted Napoleon's disastrous Russian campaign of 1812 using a color gradient to represent the dwindling size of Napoleon's army.

In the 20th century, heatmaps gained popularity in the fields of biology and genetics, where they were used to visualize gene expression data. In the early 2000s, heatmaps found their way into the world of finance, where they are now used to display stock market data, such as price, volume, and performance.

The boxes_plot function in the library expects a normalized value from 0 to 100 as input. Normalizing the data ensures that all values are on a consistent scale, making it easier to compare different indicators. The function also allows for easy customization, enabling users to adjust the number of rows displayed, the size of the boxes, and the offset for proper spacing.

One of the key features of the library is its ability to automatically scale the chart to the screen. This ensures that the heatmap remains clear and visible, regardless of the size or resolution of the user's monitor. This functionality is essential for traders who may be using various devices and screen sizes, as it enables them to easily access and interpret the heatmap without needing to make manual adjustments.

In order to create a heatmap using the boxes_plot function, users need to supply several parameters:

1. Source: An array of floating-point values representing the indicator values to display.
2. Name: An array of strings representing the names of the indicators.
3. Boxes_per_row: The number of boxes to display per row.
4. Offset (optional): An integer to offset the boxes horizontally (default: 0).
5. Scale (optional): A floating-point value to scale the size of the boxes (default: 1).

The library also includes a gradient function (grad) that is used to generate the colors for the heatmap. This function is responsible for determining the appropriate color based on the value of the indicator, with higher values typically represented by warmer colors such as red and lower values by cooler colors such as blue.

Implementing Heatmaps as a Pine Script Library

In this section, we'll explore how to create a Pine Script library that can be used to generate heatmaps for various indicators on the TradingView platform. The library utilizes colored boxes to represent the values of multiple indicators, making it simple to visualize complex data.

We'll now go over the key components of the code:

grad(src) function: This function takes an integer input 'src' and returns a color based on a predefined color gradient. The gradient ranges from dark blue (#1500FF) for low values to dark red (#FF0000) for high values.

boxes_plot() function: This is the main function of the library, and it takes the following parameters:

source: an array of floating-point values representing the indicator values to display
name: an array of strings representing the names of the indicators
boxes_per_row: the number of boxes to display per row
offset (optional): an integer to offset the boxes horizontally (default: 0)
scale (optional): a floating-point value to scale the size of the boxes (default: 1)
The function first calculates the screen size and unit size based on the visible chart area. Then, it creates an array of box objects representing each data point. Each box is assigned a color based on the value of the data point using the grad() function. The boxes are then plotted on the chart using the function.

Example Usage:

In the example provided in the source code, we use the Relative Strength Index (RSI) and the Stochastic Oscillator as the input data for the heatmap. We create two arrays, 'data_1' containing the RSI and Stochastic Oscillator values, and 'data_names_1' containing the names of the indicators. We then call the 'boxes_plot()' function with these arrays, specifying the desired number of boxes per row, offset, and scale.


Heatmaps are a versatile and powerful data visualization tool with a rich history, spanning multiple fields of study. By implementing a heatmap library in Pine Script, we can enhance the capabilities of the TradingView platform, making it easier for users to visualize and understand complex financial data. The provided library can be easily customized and extended to suit various use cases and can be a valuable addition to any trader's toolbox.

Library "Boxes_Plot"

boxes_plot(source, name, boxes_per_row, offset, scale)
    source (float): - an array of floating-point values representing the indicator values to display
    name (string): - an array of strings representing the names of the indicators
    boxes_per_row (int): - the number of boxes to display per row
    offset (int): - an optional integer to offset the boxes horizontally (default: 0)
    scale (float): - an optional floating-point value to scale the size of the boxes (default: 1)

Bibliothèque Pine

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