This is a continuation of my series on forecasting techniques. The idea behind the Simple Mean method is to somehow extend historical mean to the future. In this case a forecast equals to last value plus average change.
Holt's Forecasting method
Holt (1957) extended simple exponential smoothing to allow the forecasting of data with a trend. This method involves a forecast equation and two smoothing equations (one for the level and one for the trend):
Forecast equation: ŷ = l + h * b
Level equation: l = alpha * y + (1 - alpha) * (l + b)
Trend equation: b = beta * (l - l)...
This script is similar to the "Hi-Lo" or "Clear" methods of painting bars. Instead of using the tips/edges of the candles like those two, the "(H+L)/2" method uses the change in (high+low)/2 to paint the bars. This gives you some similar results if you were to be binary with the candle coloring. However, my coloring scheme is not entirely binary. There are 5...
For completeness here is a naive method with seasonality. The idea behind naive method with seasonality is to take last value from same season and treat it as a forecast. Its counterpart, naive method without seasonality, involves taking last mean value, i.e forecast = sma(x, p) .