YinYang Momentum is a Price, Volume and Momentum Oscillator. Its job is to help you see swings in momentum and the strength of it. It also creates signals (Blood Diamond (Bear) and Support Cross (Bull)) where these momentum swings may occur. YinYang Momentum features 3 Price and 3 Volume 'Mountains with Ice'. There are Predictive, Regular and Confirming Mountains. You have the ability to overlay them on top of each other which helps to decipher momentum swings. The Volume Mountains are very important for showing the strength behind the Price Mountains and their Signals. If you look, you'll notice, as the 'Ice' starts to curve into the 'Mountains' it signals a potential shift in Momentum. The green Mountain is the Predictive, the Blue is the Regular and the Purple is the Confirming. You'll also notice that the Predictive Mountains movements happen first and move much more drastically. When you notice the regular starts to follow suit, there is a potential for a momentum shift. Shortly after, a signal will occur if this shift is actually happening. You can also check the Confirming Mountain for more confirmation (however, leaving the Confirming Mountain active can be a little confusing and make it harder to read signals). YinYang Momentum also features Information Tables. These tables display how the Blood Diamonds and Support Cross' are fairing on different Timeframes. This way, you'll be able to see if it's in a Bullish or Bearish state on critical Time Frames no matter what Timeframe you're trading on.
Before we move onto the tutorial, let's discuss what each of these Mountains and Ice are and how they work. All of our Mountains and Ice are calculated using the same algorithm but with varying sources, lengths and multipliers. We are essentially calculating differences in movement and then sending those differences into an EMA for the Mountain Base and SMA for the mountain Ice. The values we use for the Predictive are much lower and therefore occur much quicker as they aren’t averaged out on longer lengths/time frames; this helps to make it more of a leading Indicator which may predict momentum changes. Our Regular is over a medium length and multipliers that result in a smooth but generally also gradual movement that helps reliability; this helps it act as more of an ‘in the now’ Indication of momentum changes. Our Confirming uses lengths and multipliers that are of a higher value and longer span; this makes it more difficult to use for determining entry / exit locations as it's more of a lagging indicator, but it helps to add confirmation as to whether the momentum change has occurred and wasn't a false signal.
YinYang Momentum may look like a lot is going on.. And well that’s cause there is.. But that doesn’t mean it's confusing or hard to read once you know what you’re looking for!
To make this tutorial a little easier to understand, let's turn off a few settings and dissect this indicator one thing at a time. YinYang Momentum features Price and Volume mountains. Currently in the photo above we have 2 Price Mountains and 1 Volume Mountain turned on (this is how it's set by default and how we recommend using it), however there are 3 Mountains available for both Price and Volume:
Now that it is just the Regular Price Mountain and Ice it is much easier to teach and understand. As you can see there are two different colors on the mountain. The dark blue is the Mountain and the light blue is the Ice.
The Ice moves before the mountain does and when the momentum happens it is larger than it (below or above). When the momentum starts to change however, the Ice curves inside of the mountain. As you can see here, where the BUY signal (red cross) is, the Ice curves into the mountain; also where the SELL signal (red circle) is, the Ice curves into the mountain. The Ice curving into the mountain is a very important leading indication that momentum is changing and the Signals (crosses and diamonds) help solidify this momentum change.
The Index levels for YinYang Momentum is a little different than most oscillators that range from 0-100. Instead YinYang Momentum’s neutral level is 0 and it ranges from -100 to 100. For these reasons, the Viable Range for Buying is -40 to -70 and the Optimal Range for Buying is -70 to -100. For Selling, the Viable Range is 40 to 70 and the Optimal Range is 70 to 100.
If you look at the example above, you can see whenever it has been in the optimal range and the signal occurred, it may potentially be an amazing time to buy or sell. However, when it is within the Viable Range it can be hit or miss. The reason for this is because we are only looking at the Regular Price Mountain and Ice. Once we turn on the Predictive Price and Regular Volume we will have a much clearer idea as to what is noise and what is a true purchase signal. Why don’t we turn on Predictive Price Mountains and Ice so you can see what we’re talking about:
So there are 2 big things that changed when we added the predictive price mountains + ice.
- We can see that where the orange circle is, is just noise, it isn’t a viable buy signal.
- We can see that where the red circle is, is actually a better spot to sell than the previous marked white circle slightly to the right of it.
There are 5 rules when deciphering if the signal is a true signal or just noise.
- You want the predictive mountain to be decently spaced out from the regular mountain. Refer to the example above how that should look. Remember it's predictive so with parabolic movements it will get quite spaced out. If the price went up but slowly, it generally won’t be as spaced and isn’t as strong of a signal predictor.
- You want the Ice to be of a decent size and to curve in on both the Predictive and Regular Mountains. Both arrows (red and white circle arrows) are pointing to Ice that does just that. The Predictive mountain is of decent size and spaced out and the Ice curves in sharply on the Predictive, before curving in sharply on the Regular and then we get both Predictive and Regular Support Cross on the Same Bar.
- When you get the Signals (Predictive and Regular) the amount of bars between them matters a lot! On the same Bar is ideal, however 1-2, max 3 bars between them is acceptable. Any more than 3 bars spacing and it's too risky of a signal because that means momentum change was happening but then stopped before picking back up. This doesn’t mean it can’t be a good signal, it just means it is much more risky and we don’t recommend it.
- You don’t want Signal Clustering. You can see an example of this from the picture above. Signal Clustering is where signals are back to back over and over. During this time the momentum is in a consolidation phase and easily swaps back and forth between signals. These signals are not reliable and should not be traded on. We only want to act on clear momentum based signals.
- Last but certainly not least, actually, the most important! Ensure that the Mountain + Ice for both the Predictive and Regular is at the bare minimum touching (preferably inside) the Viable Range. The Optimal range is best, but most mountains don’t make it that far. Viable Range is where you will make most of your trades from. Sometimes a great signal happens with all 5 of these rules but it is only touching the Viable Range right at 40 or -40. This CAN be okay, but is also much more risky than if it was at 50 to 60 or -50 to -60.
Based on the 5 rules mentioned, take a second and look back at the photo where we initially added the Predictive Price mountains and Ice, can you decipher why the orange circle is just noise, and can you see why the red circle is a better sell location than the white circle slightly to the right of it?
Let’s bring that photo back up now and let’s discuss this:
Let's start with the orange circle:
This orange circle, without the predictive, was hard to tell if it was a good location to buy or not, but the second we turned it on we could clearly see it was just noise.
- The spacing between the Predictive mountains and the Regular is almost non-existent.
- There was signal clustering shortly before this signal.
Now, let's discuss the red circle:
This red circle, although it could have been chosen with just the regular, was much more noticeable with the predictive added on top.
- It has a perfect spacing between the Predictive and the Regular all the way to the peak.
- The Ice is large and both curve in very nicely towards the mountains.
- The signals are within 2 bars apart from each other.
- There is no signal clustering.
- The Predictive is within the Viable Range and the Regular is just touching it.
For these reasons, the red circle actually would have been where you sold and not the white circle beside it.
This pretty much covers the Price Mountains, but wait! The most important Cherry on Top to your decision making process is coming next!
We have just enabled our Regular Volume Mountains and Ice (which are the black mountains + ice). As you can see, we have circled what we call the ‘Perfect Combo’. This Perfect combo is when you have all 5 Price rules met COMBINED with a high volume mountain. The Volume Mountain and Ice act as strength. They aren’t biased towards bulls or bears, they simply show strength to whatever signal is present with it.
For example, if all 5 rules are met with Price on a Blood Diamond (Bear) Signal and there is a High Volume Mountain then this is also a ‘Perfect Combo’. That Blood Diamond signal will potentially have great strength behind it. The Viable and Optimal Ranges don’t apply to volume mountains. Any volume mountain, even close to the Viable Range, is considered to be a very high mountain. High volume is when the mountain is above 0 and low volume is when it's below 0. Any signal with low volume has less of a chance of being correct, regardless of whether it abides by all 5 price rules.
You can see here that the 5 Price rules are achieved but the volume mountain is low. It is at -25. Since the 5 Price rules are right, there is still a decent amount of accuracy to this signal and the price did plummet after, but not nearly as much as it would have if the volume mountain was high with it.
We have turned our Confirming Price Mountain on here so you can get an idea of what it looks like and how it’s used. If you refer to the Support Crosses and Blood Diamonds circled in white, you’ll see that although they both received their signals on the Predictive and Regular, neither of them received it on the Confirming. This shows that these signals lost momentum shortly after. However if you look at both the red and green circles, you’ll see that they both received their confirming signals and that it helped give those signals momentum. The Confirming Price Mountain is meant to help confirm if the momentum change is still on track and the max 3 bars from the regular signal rule still applies to it. However its height within the viable and optimal range is important, just not as relevant
Before we move on to our Information Tables we want to take a second just to discuss our Volume Mountains and Ice. We haven’t had a chance yet to discuss the Predictive or Confirming Volume. When it comes to our Volume Mountains + Ice, we don’t recommend having more than 1 on at a time. The reason we have included the Predictive and Confirming is in case you find they suit your Trading Style best, not necessarily to be used the same way the Price Mountains and Ice are. The main reason for this is due to the fact that the Volume Mountains are much smaller and when overlaid on top of each other can make a confusing blur that is hard to decipher.
In this example above we have enabled both Predictive and Regular Volume just so you can understand what we are talking about. The two together can be rather confusing and actually interfere with your decision making process. For this reason, we highly recommend finding the Volume Mountain that suits your trading style best and solely sticking to that.
Our Predictive Volume Mountains and Ice may help sense volume changes before they’ve even happened. This can be very useful if your Trading Style revolves around heavy volume changes.
Our Confirming Volume Mountains and Ice are much slower and smaller, but they help show the movement of volume that has occurred already. This can be used to help see the movement of volume without fearing it may or may not happen.
Our Information Tables are there to show you valuable information on whether it is in a state of Support Cross or Blood Diamond on 6 different Time Frames at the same time. The % it shows you displays how much of a price change has occurred since that signal has happened. It is important to note, if for instance you see it is in a state of Support Cross but the % is negative, this generally means it is going to switch to Blood Diamond soon and vice versa. Therefore if you are in a trade, especially on a lower Time Frame and you are watching the 1 Day or a higher Time Frame and notice that the % is getting less and less, it may be a good time to get out.
We will conclude our Tutorial here. If you have any Questions, Concerns, Suggestions or Comments please don’t hesitate to contact us.
1. Show Predictive to Confirmed Trendline:
The Predictive to Confirmed Trendline is very useful for seeing when the predictive (Support Cross or Blood Diamond) has hit the confirmed (It’s a strong confirmation that the trend may be shifting). This trendline also features a Moving Average which helps give you a solid marker for when the Regular / Predictive mountains cross under or over it that a momentum swing may occur. Somewhat like when the RSI crosses above/below its Moving Average it dictates momentum change, that is likewise how to interpret when it happens with the mountains and this trendline.
2. Show Price Ice and Mountains based on:
The Price Ice and Mountains are very important when it comes to deciphering signal strength. For example, When the mountains are very low (regular and predictive) and are between the 2 red line (undervalued) or even possibly below the bottom red line, and the Ice on the mountains starts to curve into the mountains and then the Predictive and Regular Support Cross occur; this is a very strong Bullish Signal. But wait, that's not all, the cherry on top is when the volume mountain (black) is ALSO high while this occurs; the Volume Mountain adds Strength to the signal. When the volume mountain is high too during this ‘Perfect Combo’ this may potentially lead to very bullish price movement occurring soon. Here is an overview of each mountain:
2.1. Predictive: Are the least reliable, but they move first and nothing will move without the predictive moving first, and getting you ready.
2.2. Regular: Are the most accurate, they don't signify strength on its own, but they sure show some momentum.
2.3. Confirming: Are slightly behind when it comes to displaying data, and therefore shouldn't be used for entry / exit, but rather to show if the trend movement has truly been confirmed or not.
When the Ice starts to curve into the Mountain, (either upward or below) it signifies possible momentum change. There are Crosses (Bull), and Diamonds (Bear) to show when they've crossed. Cross' and Diamonds balance each other out and therefore there can never be more than 1 in a row (of the same type). When the Ice and Mountain size is very large (between 40 and 70), and the predictive Ice starts to curve into its mountain, and then the predictive curves into the Regular, and the Regular Ice is curving into its Mountain, then it may have some strong weight behind that signal.\nIMPORTANT: refer to Volume tooltip below for how to increase the signal strength even more.
3. Show Volume Ice and Mountains based on:
The Volume Ice and Mountains are for giving strength to the Price's signals and Size. When there is the perfect combo (described above) AND the Volume Ice + Mountain is high, then there may be a lot of strength to that Price signals (whether it is Cross (Bull), or Diamond (Bear)).
IMPORTANT: High volume mountains, unlike Price, don't mean good or bad. Volume shows strength to the Price, and therefore if there are high Volume mountains during a Diamond (Bearish), then there may be a lot of strength to that signal and vice versa.
4. Show Information Tables:
Information tables are used to display 6 different Time Frames and whether or not each time frame is in a state of Blood Diamond (red) or Support Cross (green). They also show how much % in price has changed since the current signal happened. These are very useful for seeing how the price is fairing on different Time Frames without having to constantly change your timeframe. For instance, maybe you base your entry off the 1 day time frame but then you swing trade on the 15 minute. Well, after you’ve confirmed your entry position and are sitting on the 15 minute, you can stay on the 15 minute and see how it is fairing on the 1 day, 5 minute or whatever time frame you choose. This way you aren’t distracted from the trade at hand. All of these Time Frames can be adjusted in the Settings (GUI) to whatever resolution you wish.
5. Res1 / Res2/ Res3 / Res4 / Res5 / Res6:
These represent the different resolutions (Time Frames) being used in your information tables and can be modified to display whatever resolution works best for your trading style. By default they are:
- Res1: Current Timeframe
- Res2: 15 Minute
- Res3: 1 Hour
- Res4: 4 Hour
- Res5: 1 Day
- Res6: 1 Week
- Backup Res (not changeable): 5 Minute (this is only used if your Current Timeframe in Res1 is a duplicate of one of the other resolutions)
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